Types Of Counseling Psychotherapies For Depressive Disorders



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More than just two people talking or conversing about personal matters, talk therapy, also known as psychotherapy, involves a therapist providing a variety of treatment modalities to a patient to resolve psychological and emotional issues. Psychotherapy is also a potent tool in creating aspired changes in one’s life.


One of the primary mental disorders that psychotherapy can treat is depression because it helps people delve deeper into the underlying cause of their condition while acquiring or learning new coping mechanisms.


Types Of Psychotherapies Used In Counseling


Psychotherapy does have a lot of varieties that are commonly used in counseling sessions. Further studies show that if combined with antidepressants, psychotherapy’s positive outcomes are enhanced due to the biophysical connection of majority of mood disorders.


Majority of the treatment modalities that are mentioned below specifies evidence that supports effectiveness in managing depressive disorders.


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  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT) is the combination of the previously known cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. CT focuses on the individual’s behaviors and thoughts that are mainly responsible for depression. “Cognitive-behavioral therapy, in a nutshell, seeks to change a person’s irrational or faulty thinking and behaviors by educating the person and reinforcing positive experiences that will lead to fundamental changes in the way that person copes,” says John M. Grohol, Psy.D. Therapists who prefer cognitive behavioral therapy help patients with:


  • Teaching useful ways to respond to daily situations and defy preconceptions
  • Creating goals that individuals must work on as their homework
  • Showing patients that in every situation, there’s always a silver lining that one needs to focus on instead of dwelling on the negative
  • Identifying usual patterns of pessimistic thoughts and transforming it into optimistic ideations
  • Making individuals identify their displeasing behaviors and finding a way to change or eliminate them by utilizing operant and classical conditioning


         2.  Psychodynamic Therapy

This type of psychotherapy is established on the belief that depressive disorders occur due to unresolved, mostly unaware conflicts that often emanate from childhood experiences. Usually, psychodynamic therapy is for the individual whose goal is to gain sufficient consciousness on the extent of their emotions, which include disturbing and conflicting ones. As a result, the person will become more resilient and capable of bearing their feelings and utilizing them to grow more favorable to their viewpoint. “Psychodynamic therapy is the oldest of the modern therapies. (Freud’s psychoanalysis is a specific form and subset of psychodymanic therapy.) As such, it is based in a highly developed and multifaceted theory of human development and interaction,” Jim Haggerty, MD, writes.


  1. Dialectical Behavior Therapy

A type of cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy is aimed at teaching patients vital skills to deal with stress, improve relationships, and control emotions. Dialectical behavior therapy is a derivative of dialectics, a known philosophical method that is primarily based on the idea that all things in this world comprise of opposites, and change will occur when the opposing energy is stronger and more influential than the other. Furthermore, dialectical behavior therapy integrates mindfulness, a therapeutic technique based on Buddhist traditions.


Other Kinds Of Talk Therapy Formats


  1. Family therapy –when working on the dynamics within the family, this type of psychotherapy is most beneficial.


  1. Individual therapy –this treatment modality incorporates confidential discussion between therapist and patient. Here, the patient is given full attention by the therapist. However, there are certain limitations wherein the therapist is not given the opportunity to assess their patients within their family or social relationships.


  1. Group Therapy –usually involving more than ten patients, group therapy offers the chance to share and receive support from different individuals by coping with specific issues while a therapist observes the interaction. “Getting different perspectives is often helpful in promoting growth and change,” says Michael Herkov, Ph.D.


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Finding the most appropriate depression treatment entirely depends on what you prefer, what your counselor believes to be most suitable for your condition, and whether or not you and your therapist will get along.